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Cleft Lip

What is Cleft Lip?

  • A cleft lip is a birth defect detailed by a separation of the two sides of the lip.
  • Separation includes the bones of the upper jaw and upper gum.
  • It is possible to form a cleft lip, cleft palate, or a combination as the lip and palate develop separately.

What causes Cleft Lip?

  • Cleft lip is believed to be caused by a mix of genetic and environmental factors, although there is no known cause in many cases.
  • Fetuses develop cleft lip in early pregnancy

What is the treatment for Cleft Lip?

  • Treatment to correct Cleft Lip involves surgery.
  • The initial surgical procedure is performed when the child is between 3 to 6 months of age.
  • If experiencing difficulty with speech and/or hearing, speech therapy and hearing assistive devices may be part of treatment.
  • Corrective orthodontic adjustments may be necessary to align teeth and bite.

What is the prognosis for patients with Cleft Lip?

The prognosis for patients with Cleft Lip is excellent; improvements to physical appearance positively impact the life of the child. Routine monitoring to ensure progress and healthy development is necessary.