What is Cleft Lip?
- A cleft lip is a birth defect detailed by a separation of the two sides of the lip.
- Separation includes the bones of the upper jaw and upper gum.
- It is possible to form a cleft lip, cleft palate, or a combination as the lip and palate develop separately.
What causes Cleft Lip?
- Cleft lip is believed to be caused by a mix of genetic and environmental factors, although there is no known cause in many cases.
- Fetuses develop cleft lip in early pregnancy
What is the treatment for Cleft Lip?
- Treatment to correct Cleft Lip involves surgery.
- The initial surgical procedure is performed when the child is between 3 to 6 months of age.
- If experiencing difficulty with speech and/or hearing, speech therapy and hearing assistive devices may be part of treatment.
- Corrective orthodontic adjustments may be necessary to align teeth and bite.
What is the prognosis for patients with Cleft Lip?
The prognosis for patients with Cleft Lip is excellent; improvements to physical appearance positively impact the life of the child. Routine monitoring to ensure progress and healthy development is necessary.